Flags and national anthems are two of the primary symbols of patriotism and nationalism. Here, we’ll discuss the meaning behind the Samoan flag and national anthem.
Exploring the Samoan Flag
Samoan’s national flag consists of a red field with a blue rectangle at the upper left. Inside this blue canton is the Southern Cross constellation in white. This represents Samoa’s national identity. Like other countries, each of these designs has a meaning. Let’s break it down:
Red - the Samoan flag is dominated by the red field which serves as a background of the whole flag. In traditional Samoan culture, red represents courage.
Blue - In the upper right corner of the flag, the blue rectangle represents freedom. Before Samoa gained its independence, it was ruled by Germany and New Zealand for centuries.
White Stars of the Southern Cross - Like other countries in the Southern Hemisphere, Samoa also has the Southern Cross as its emblem on its flag. This can also be seen in the flags of Australia, New Zealand, and Brazil. The color white represents purity.
O Le Fu'a o Le Sa'olotoga o Samoa
Samoa’s National Anthem is called "The Banner of Freedom." In Samoan, it is directly translated to, O Le Fu'a o Le Sa'olotoga o Samoa. The lyrics and musical composition were done by Sauni Iiga Kuresa and has been their national anthem since 1962 when the country gained its independence from New Zealand.
In the lyrics, the national flag of Samoa was mentioned:
This is the symbol of Jesus, who died on it for Samoa.”
Aside from the pride in their country, their national anthem also references their religion. In Samoan culture, religion is very important. Two hundred years ago, Christianity was introduced to Samoa and now most Samoans are Christians.
Religion is part of their culture and it can be seen in their lifestyle. Each village in Samoa has its own church where Samoans visit regularly. Even their national motto reflects this: ''Samoa is founded on God.”
While the country achieved its independence on January 1, 1962, Independence Day in Samoa is annually observed on June 1.
Celebrating Independence Day for Samoa
All citizens from different walks of life celebrate the occasion with cultural activities including dances, art contests, or poetry reading. Children, families, artists, and cultural communities organize festivities beyond the borders of the country.
In Australia, New Zealand, and Hawaii, major Samoan communities hoist the flag and sing the anthem with much fervor.
Visit a museum. Why don’t you drop by the Museum of Samoa and brush up your history knowledge? The museum houses 3,000-year-old artifacts and actualities about the exciting country. Other museums and landmarks you can visit are:
Robert Louis Stevenson Museum
EFKS Fine Art Museum
See the festivities. There are a lot of festivities happening simultaneously in the country. Why not take part in it and have fun? Join a poetry reading meeting or an art contest if there are ones near you. Even by being a witness of this joyous day is enough to beat your heart for the motherland!
Cook Samoan dishes. Level up your cooking skills and make those scrumptious dishes of Kale Moa, Sapasui, or Oka I’a. Nothing beats well then good food when celebrating Independence Day. You can even partner with other organizations and have a community eat-out!